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Republic of Peru

República del Perú

Origin of Name the Quechua of Central America referred to this region as "Piru," meaning land of abundance, and that name was subsequently adopted by the Spanish conquistadors (as Peru)

map of Peru

Location western South America
Bordered By Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile

location of Peru in South America

Area 496,225 sq mi (1,285,216 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 875 mi (1,408 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,225 mi (1,971 km)
Coastline 1,448 mi (2,330 km)
Highest Point Nevado Huascarán; 22,205 ft (173 m)
Lowest Point Pacific Ocean coast; sea level
Natural Resources copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

Nationality Peruvian
Population (July 2016 est)
Largest Cities
Lima, Arequipa, Callao
Ethnic Groups Amerindian, mestizo, white
Religions Roman Catholic, Seventh Day Adventist
Languages Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara

Capital Lima
Form of Government constitutional republic
Present Constitution Adopted
December 29, 1993
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Martin Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo (since March 23, 2018)
Council of Ministers
unicameral Congress of the Republic of Peru (Congreso de la República del Perú)
Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia)
Local Administration
25 regions (regiones) and 1 province (provincia)

Currency Neuvo Sol
Per Capita Income
Industries mining and refining of minerals, steel, metal fabrication, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing
Agricultural Products
aspargus, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products, fish, guinea pigs
Export Commodities copper, gold, zinc, crude petroleum and petroleum products, coffee, potatoes, asparagus, textiles, guinea pigs
Import Commodities petroleum and petroleum products, plastics, machinery, vehicles, iron and steel, wheat, paper

Independence Achieved July 28, 1821
From Spain
National Holiday Independence Day; July 28
Flag three equal vertical bands of red, white, and red, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace

flag of Peru

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The Robinson Library >> Peru

This page was last updated on September 03, 2018.