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Falkland Islands

The Argentine name for the Falkland Islands, Islas Malvinas, is from the French word Malouins, the name for inhabitants of the French city ot St. Malo who attempted to establish a colony in 1764.

Location off the southern coast of Argentina

location of the Falkland Islands

map of the Falkland Islands

Total Area 4,700 sq mi (12,173 sq mi)
Highest Point Mount Usborne; 2,313 ft (705 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources none

Population (July 2014 est) 2,931
Largest Cities Port Stanley
Ethnic Groups Falkland Islander, British, St. Helenian, Chilean, other
Languages English, Spanish
Religions Christian

Capital Stanley
Form of Government overseas territory of the United Kingdom; also claimed by Argentina
Chief of State Queen Elizabeth II
Head of Government Chief Executive Barry Rowland (since October 3, 2016)
Cabinet Executive Council
Legislature unicameral Legislative Assembly

Currency Falkland pound
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries fish and wool processing; tourism
Agricultural Products
fodder and vegetable crops; venison, sheep, dairy products; fish, squid
Export Commodities wool, hides, meat, venison, fish, squid
Import Commodities fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing

National Holiday Liberation Day; June 14 (the date in 1982 when the British Navy succeeded in ousting an Argentinian invasion)
Flag blue, with the flag of the United Kingdom in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT

flag of Falkland Islands

See Also

Queen Elizabeth II

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The Robinson Library >> Falkland Islands