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  American HistorySouth AmericaEcuadorGeneral Information
Republic of Ecuador

República del Ecuador

Meaning of Name "Ecuador" means Equator in Spanish

map of EcuadorEcuador on a map of South AmericaLocation northern South America
Bordered By
Colombia, Peru
Area 109,484 sq mi (283,561 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 450 mi (724 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 395 mi (636 km)
Coastline (including Galapagos Islands) 1,278 mi (2,057 km)
Highest Point Chimborazo Volcano; 20,561 ft (6,267 m)
Lowest Point sea level; along the coasts
Natural Resources
petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

Nationality Ecuadorian
Population (June 2015 est)
Largest Cities
Guayaquil, Quito
Ethnic Groups mestizo
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Spanish (official), indigenous

Capital Quito
Form of Government
Present Constitution Adopted
October 20, 2008
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Rafael Correa Delgado (since January 15, 2007)
Cabinet appointed by the President
unicameral National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)
National Court of Justice (Corte Nacional de Justicia); Constitutional Court (Corte Constitucional)
Local Administration
24 provinces

Currency U.S. Dollar
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
Agricultural Products
bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; fish, shrimp; balsa wood
Export Commodities
petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp, cacao, coffee, wood, fish
Import Commodities
industrial materials, fuels and lubricants, nondurable consumer goods

Independence Achieved May 24, 1822
National Holiday
Independence Day (of Quito); August 10 (1809)
three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; the flag retains the three main colors of the banner of Gran Columbia, the South American republic that broke up in 1830; the yellow color represents sunshine, grain, and mineral wealth, blue the sky, sea, and rivers, and red the blood of patriots spilled in the struggle for freedom and justice

flag of Ecuador


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  The Robinson Library > American History > South America > Ecuador > General Information

This page was last updated on September 21, 2015.

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