The Robinson Library

The Robinson Library >> Colombia
Republic of Colombia

República de Colombia

Origin of Name Adopted in 1863, the name "Colombia" means "Land of Columbus" in Spanish.

Location northern South America
Bordered By
Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador

Colombia on a map of South America

Area 439,737 sq mi (1,138,914 sq km)
Greatest Distance NW-SE 1,170 mi (1,883 km)
Greatest Distance NE-SW 850 mi (1,368 km)
Coastline 580 mi (933 km)
Highest Point Cristóbal Colón; 18,947 ft (5,775 m)
Lowest Point sea level; along the coasts
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower

map of Colombia

Nationality Colombian
Population (June 2015 est)
Largest Cities
Bogotá, Santiago de Cali, Medelin, Barranguilla
Ethnic Groups mestizo, white, mulatto
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Spanish (official)

Capital Bogotá
Form of Government
Present Constitution Adopted
July 5, 1991
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Iván Duque Márquez (since August 7, 2018)
Cabinet appointed by the President
bicameral Congress (Congreso)
Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia), Council of State, Constitutional Court, Superior Judicial Council
Local Administration
32 departments

Currency Boliviano
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Agricultural Products
coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; shrimp; forest products
Export Commodities
petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, apparel
Import Commodities
industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, electricity

Independence Achieved July 20, 1810
National Holiday
Independence Day; July 20
yellow is for the gold in Colombia's land, blue for the seas on its shores, and red for the blood spilled in attaining freedom; alternatively, the colors have been described as representing more elemental concepts such as sovereignty and justice (yellow), loyalty and vigilance (blue), and valor and generosity (red); or simply the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity

flag of Colombia

See Also


Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Colombia

This page was last updated on September 17, 2018.