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Republic of Chile

República de Chile

Location west coast of South America
Bordered By Peru, Bolivia, Argentina

Chile on the map

map of Chile

Area 292,258 sq mi (756,945 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 2,650 mi (4,265 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 225 mi (362 km)
Coastline 3,317 mi (5,338 km)
Highest Point Ojos del Salado; 22,572 ft (6,880 m)
Lowest Point Pacific coast; sea level
Natural Resources copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

Nationality Chilean
Population (July 2017 est) 17,789,267
Largest City Santiago
Ethnic Groups white, white-Amerindian, Mapuche, indigenous groups
Religions Roman Catholic, Evangelical, Jehovah's Witness
Languages Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English

Capital Santiago
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted September 11, 1980
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Sebastian Pinera Echenique (March 11, 2018)
Cabinet appointed by President
bicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional)
Supreme Court (Corte Suprema), Constitutional Tribunal
Local Administration
15 regions

Currency Chilean Peso
Per Capita Income
Industries copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Agricultural Products grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool, fish; timber
Export Commodities copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine
Import Commodities petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas

Independence from Spain Achieved September 18, 1810
National Holiday Independence Day; September 18, 1810
Flag two equal horizontal bands of white and red; a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band which bears a white five-pointed star representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white the snow-covered Andes, and red the blood spilled to achieve independence

flag of Chile

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The Robinson Library >> Chile

This page was last updated on September 16, 2018.