October 7, 1959, 100,000 voters in São Paulo
showed their displeasure with all 540 candidates
for the 45-seat city council by casting their
ballots for a rhinoceros.
Cacareco (whose name means "garbage"
or "rubbish") was a popular attraction
at the local zoo when she was "drafted"
by a group of students who were fed up with
rampant government corruption. According to the
election laws in effect at the time, voting was
conducted by putting a ballot in an envelope and
returning it to the election authority. The
students printed up 200,000 ballots with
Cacarecos name on them and distributed them
to the electorate. About half of those ballots
were returned, giving Cacareco a plurality.
Cacareco never got a chance to serve her
"constituents," as election officials
nullified all votes for her and ordered a
re-vote. She lived out her days at the zoo, dying
there in 1962.