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Federative Republic of Brazil

República Federativa do Brazil

Origin of Name The name "Brazil" is from the Portuguese Terra do Brasil, meaning "land of red-wood," a reference to the brazilwood, a valuable timber tree native to the country.

Location eastern South America
Bordered By
Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana

Area 3,286,488 sq mi (8,511,965 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 2,689 mi (4,328 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 2,684 mi (4,319 km)
Coastline 6,019 mi (9,687 km)
Highest Point Pico da Neblina; 9,888 ft (3,014 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic Ocean coast; sea level
Natural Resources gold, industrial diamonds, iron, manganese

map of Brazil

Nationality Brazilian
Population (July 2016 est)
205,823,665
Largest Cities
Sao Paolo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza,
Brasilía
Ethnic Groups white, mulatto, black
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages Portuguese (official)

Capital Brasilia
Form of Government federal republic
Present Constitution Adopted
October 5, 1988
Chief of State and Head of Government
President
Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia (since August 31, 2016)
Cabinet
Cabinet appointed by President
Legislature
bicameral National Congress (
Congresso Nacional)
Judiciary
Supreme Federal Tribunal
Local Administration
26 states (estados)

Currency Brazilian Real
Per Capita Income
$15,600
Industries
textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
Agricultural Products
coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
Export Commodities
transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos
Import Commodities
machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics

Independence Achieved September 7, 1822
From Portugal
National Holiday Independence Day; September 7
Flag
green with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white five-pointed stars; the globe has a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress); the current flag was inspired by the banner of the former Empire of Brazil (1822-1889); on the imperial flag, the green represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the yellow stood for the Habsburg Family of his wife; on the modern flag the green represents the forests of the country and the yellow rhombus its mineral wealth; the blue circle and stars, which replaced the coat of arms of the original flag, depict the sky over Rio de Janeiro on the morning of November 15, 1889 - the day the Republic of Brazil was declared; the number of stars has changed with the creation of new states and has risen from an original 21 to the current 27 (one for each state and the Federal District)

flag of Brazil

SEE ALSO
Uruguay
Argentina
Paraguay
Bolivia
Peru
Colombia
Venezuela
Guyana
Suriname
Brasilia

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> South America >> Brazil >> General Information

This page was last updated on May 29, 2017.