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Plurinational State of Bolivia

Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

Origin of Name Bolivia was named for liberator Simón Bolivar.

Bolivia on a map of South America

map of Bolivia

Location central South America
Bordered By
Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Peru

Area 424,165 sq mi (1,098,580 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 800 mi (1,287 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 900 mi (1,448 km)
Highest Point Nevado Sajama; 21,463 ft (6,52 m)
Lowest Point Rio Paraguay; 295 ft (90 m)
Natural Resources tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

Nationality Bolivian
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities
La Paz, Santa Cruz
Ethnic Groups Quechua, mestizo, Aymara, white
Religions Roman Catholic, Evangelical Methodist
Languages Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)

Capital La Paz (administrative capital), Sucre (constitutional capital)
Form of Government
Present Constitution Adopted
August 1994
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Juan Evo Morales Ayma (since January 22, 2006)
Cabinet appointed by the President
bicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional)
Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)
Local Administration
9 departments

Currency Boliviano
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing
Agricultural Products
soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber
Export Commodities
natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin
Import Commodities
petroleum products, plastics, paper, aircraft and aircraft parts, prepared foods, automobiles, insecticides

Independence Achieved August 6, 1825
National Holiday
Independence Day, August 6
three equal horizontal bands of red, yellow and green, with the coat of arms centered on the yellow band; red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes, yellow for the nation's mineral resources, and green for the fertility of the land

flag of Bolivia

See Also

Simón Bolivar

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The Robinson Library >> Bolivia

This page was last updated on August 05, 2018.