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Argentine Republic

[República Argentina] "Argentina" is from the Spanish Tierra Argentina, meaning "land beside the silvery river," which is a reference to the Rio de la Plata.

map of ArgentinaArgentina on a map of South AmericaLocation southern South America
Bordered By
Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay

Area 1,072,163 sq mi (2,776,889 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 980 mi (1,577 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 2,300 mi (3,701 km)
Coastline 2,940 mi (4,731 km)
Highest Point Mount Aconcagua; 22,831 ft (6,959 m)
Lowest Point Península Valdés; -131 ft (-40 m)
Natural Resources building stone, coal, iron, petroleum, salt

Nationality Argentinian
Population (July 2016 est)
Largest Cities
Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Rosario
Ethnic Groups white, mestizo
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French

Capital Buenos Aires
Form of Government
Present Constitution Adopted
May 1, 1853
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Mauricio Macri (since December 10, 2015)
Cabinet appointed by the President
National Congress (Congreso Nacional)
Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)
Local Administration
23 provinces (

Currency Boliviano
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Agricultural Products
sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
Export Commodities
soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat
Import Commodities
machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum and natural gas, organic chemicals, plastics

Independence Achieved July 9, 1816
National Holiday
Revolution Day, May 25 (1810)
the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on May 25, 1810, during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun

flag of Argentina


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This page was last updated on September 27, 2016.

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