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General History

CONTENTS

Spiro Mounds
Spiro Mounds
is the only Native American archaeological site in Oklahoma that is open to the public. Occupied from 850 to 1450, the mound and city complex was once the center of a vast trade network that stretched from the Gulf of California to the Gulf of Mexico and Virginia to the Great Lakes.

John Eliot
John Eliot
was the creator of the first American-made Bible, written in Algonquin, for which he personally created a written language.

Five Civilized Tribes
Five Civilized Tribes
is a term that came into use during the mid-nineteenth century to refer to the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chicasaw, Creek, and Seminole nations because they seemed to adopt "civilized ways" much more readily than other tribes.

Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears
is a name given to the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The phrase originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831, during which about 6,000 Choctaw died of disease, starvation, and hypothermia.

News and Pictures from 1957
News and Pictures from 1957

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