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Republic of Nicaragua

[Républica de Nicaragua] "Nicaragua" was coined by the Spanish explorer Gil González Dávila after Nicarao, a leader of an indigenous community inhabiting the shores of Lake Nicaragua, and agua, the Spanish word for "water."

Bordered By Honduras, Costa Rica

map of Nicaragua

Total Area 59,998 sq mi (129,494 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S
293 mi (472 km)
Greatest Distance E-W
297 mi (478 km)
512 mi (824 km)
Highest Point
Cordillera Isabella; 8,000 ft ( 2,438 m)
Lowest Point
sea level
Natural Resources gold, timber, hydropower and geothermal power potential

Nationality Nicaraguan
Population (July 2014 est)
Largest Cities
Managua, Butterfield, Chinandega, Granada, Jimotega, Leon, Masaya, Matalgalpa, Rivas
Ethnic Groups
Mestizo, white, black, Amerindian
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Spanish (official), English, indigineous

Capital Managua
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted 1987
Chief of State and Head of Government
Jose Daniel Ortega Saavedra (since January 10, 2007)
Council of Ministers appointed by the President
unicameral National Assembly (
Asamblea Nacional)
Supreme Court (
Corte Suprema de Justicia)
Local Administration
15 departments, 2 autonomous regions, 153 municipalities

Currency cordoba
Per Capita Income
agriculture, cattle, forestry, fishing, retail, tourism, government
Agricultural Products
coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products
Export Commodities coffee, shrimp and lobster, beef, sugar, industrial goods, gold, bananas
Import Commodities consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, petroleum peoducts

Independence Achieved September 15, 1821
From Spain
National Holiday
three equal horizontal bands of blue, white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on the top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water

flag of Nicaragua

Lake Nicaragua
Costa Rica

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This page was last updated on 10/23/2017.