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Republic of Honduras

República de Honduras

Origin of Name Christopher Columbus named the country "Honduras," which is Spanish for "depths," referring to the deep waters off the northern coast.

Location Central America
Bordered By Guatemala,
Nicaragua, El Salvador

Honduras on a map of Central America

map of Honduras

Area 43,277 sq mi (112,088 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 240 mi (386 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 405 mi (652 km)
Comparative Area slightly larger than Tennessee
Coastline 457 mi (692 km)
Highest Point Cerros de Celaque; 9,400 ft (2,870 m)
Lowest Point Pacific and Caribbean coasts; sea level
Natural Resources silver

Nationality Honduran
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest City Tegulcigalpa
Ethnic Groups mestizo, Amerindian
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects

Capital Tegulcigalpa
Form of Government democratic constitutional republic
Present Constitution Adopted January 11, 1982
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Juan Orlando Hernandez Alvarado (since January 27, 2014)
appointed by the President
unicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional)
Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia)
Local Administration
18 departments (departamentos)

Currency Lempiras
Per Capita Income
sugar, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars
Agricultural Products
bananas, coffee, citrus, corn, African palm; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster
Export Commodities
apparel, coffee, shrimp, automobile wire harnesses, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber
Import Commodities
machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs

Independence Achieved September 15, 1821
National Holiday Independence Day; September 15
the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America -- Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people

flag of Honduras

Christopher Columbus
El Salvador

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The Robinson Library >> Honduras

This page was last updated on 06/26/2018.