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Republic of Guatemala

Republica de Guatemala

Origin of Name "Guatemala" is from a Mayan word meaning "land of trees"

Location Central America
Bordered By
Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador

map of Guatemala

Area 42,042 sq mi (108,889 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 283 mi (455 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 261 mi (420 km)
Coastline, Pacific 152 mi (245 km)
Coastline, Caribbean 53 mi (85 km)
Highest Point Volcán Tajumulco; 13,845 ft (4,220 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources
petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower

Nationality Guatemalan
Population (July 2015 est)
14,019,999
Largest City Guatemala City
Ethnic Groups mestizo, European
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous
Languages Spanish (official), indigenous

Capital Guatemala City
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted May 31, 1985
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Jimmy Ernesto Morales Cabrera (since January 14, 2016)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the President
Legislature
unicameral Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica)
Judiciary
Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia)
Local Administration
22 departments

Currency quetzales (GTQ)
Per Capita Income
$7,900
Industries
sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
Agricultural Products
sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens
Export Commodities
sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity
Import Commodities
fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity, mineral products, chemical products, plastic materials and products

Independence from Spain Achieved September 15, 1821
National Holiday
Independence Day, September 15
Flag
the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands represent the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea; the white band denotes peace and purity

flag of Guatemala

SEE ALSO
Mexico
Belize
Honduras
El Salvador

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> Central America >> Guatemala

This page was last updated on 08/05/2017.