The Robinson Library
The Robinson Library >> American History >> Central America >> Belize
Belize Facts and Figures

Location Central America
Bordered By
Mexico, Guatemala

map of Belize

Area 8,867 sq mi (22,965 sq km)
Coastline 175 mi (282 km)
Highest Point Doyle's Delight; 3,806 ft (1,160 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources hydropower

Nationality Belizean
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest City Belmopan
Ethnic Groups mestizo, Creole, Maya
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages English (official), Spanish, Creole, Maya

Capital Belmopan
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted September 21, 1981
Chief of State
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom; represented by Governor General Sir Colville Young (since November 17, 1993)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Dean Oliver Barrow (since February 8, 2008)
appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister from among members of the National Assembly
bicameral National Assembly
Supreme Court of Judicature
Local Administration
6 districts

Currency dollar (BZD)
Per Capita Income
garment production, food processing, tourism, construction, oil
Agricultural Products
bananas, cacao, citrus, sugar; fish, cultured shrimp; lumber
Export Commodities
sugar, bananas, citrus, clothing, fish products, molasses, wood, crude oil
Import Commodities
machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods; fuels, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; food, beverages, tobacco

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved September 21, 1981
National Holidays
Battle of St. George's Caye Day, September 10 (1798); Independence Day, September 21
blue with a narrow red stripe along the top and the bottom edges; centered is a large white disk bearing the coat of arms; the coat of arms features a shield flanked by two workers in front of a mahogany tree with the related motto SUB UMBRA FLOREO (I Flourish in the Shade) on a scroll at the bottom, all encircled by a green garland of 50 mahogany leaves; the colors are those of the two main political parties: blue for the PUP and red for the UDP; the figures, the tools, the mahogany tree, and the garland of leaves recall the logging industry that led to British settlement of Belize (Belize's flag is the only national flag that depicts human beings)

flag of Belize

Queen Elizabeth II

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> American History >> Central America >> Belize

This page was last updated on 03/20/2018.