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Important Dates in Canadian History
ca. 1000, Vikings settled on Newfoundland. 1497, John Cabot landed on the east coast. 1608, Champlain founded Quebec. 1867, the Dominion of Canada established. 1931, Canada became independent of Great Britain.
The Fathers of ConfederationThe Fathers of Confederation
met in London's Westminster Hotel in 1866 to frame the constitution of Canada, The British North America Act. The British Parliament passed the Act early in 1867, and Queen Victoria gave her assent in March. The Act was formally proclaimed on July 1, 1867.
Canada in 1947Canada in 1947
On January 1 the law granting the right of Canadian citizenship to every native-born Canadian and to all who take out citizenship papers went into effect.
The Queen Visits CanadaThe Queen Visits Canada, in 1957
On October 14, 1957, Queen Elizabeth II became the first reigning British monarch to open the Canadian Parliament.
Canada in 1958Canada in 1958
Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom made a month-long visit across Canada, beginning on July 12 in British Columbia, where she spent two weeks participating in provincial centennial celebrations.
Canada in 1959Canada in 1959
On June 18, Queen Elizabeth II and Prine Philip arrived at St. John's Newfoundland, to begin a six-week tour of Canada. On August 1, the Queen approved the appointment of Major General George Philias Vanier to succeed retiring Vincent Massey as Governor-General.
Canada in 1960Canada in 1960
During 1960 there were some signs that the Canadian economy was slipping into a recession.
Canada in 1962Canada in 1962
Canada in 1967Canada in 1967
Canada marked the centennial of its Confederation with a year-long celebration in 1967. The year was also marked by the abolition of the death penalty, unification of all Canadian military forces under a single Canadian Armed Forces, and an attempt by French President Charles De Gaulle to spur the secessionist movement in Quebec.
Canada in 1969Canada in 1969
Canada in 1979Canada in 1979
Canadians voted for change in 1979.
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
first sailed to Canada in 1603, and that year became one of the first Europeans to see Niagara Falls. In 1605, he helped found a settlement at Port Royal. In 1608, he founded Quebec, the first permanent settlement in Canada.
Louis JolietLouis Joliet
with Father Jacques Marquette, followed the Mississippi River to its junction with the Arkansas River, in 1673.
Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La SalleRené-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
led an expedition that, in 1682, succeeded in following the Mississippi River all the way to its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico. He then claimed the entire region drained by the Mississippi River and its tributaries for France.
Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'IbervillePierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville
spent ten years trying to win Canada for France before founding the first permanent settlement in Mississippi and what is now Mobile, Alabama.
Father Jacques MarquetteFather Jacques Marquette
was a Jesuit priest who, while exploring the Canadian wilderness, went to great lengths to learn the language and customs of the Indians he was charged with converting. In 1673, he and Louis Joliet followed the Mississippi River to its junction with the Arkansas River.
John George DiefenbakerJohn George Diefenbaker
was a well known defense lawyer before being elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1940. He became leader of the Progressive Conservatives in 1948, and became Prime Minister in 1957. A dispute with the United States over the placement of nuclear warheads in Canada led to his defeat in 1963.
Sir John Alexander MacdonaldSir John Alexander Macdonald
was the first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada. During his long public career, Canada grew from a group of colonies into a self-governing, united dominion extending across North America.
Martin Brian MulroneyMartin Brian Mulroney
served as Prime Minister from 1984 to 1993. During his tenure, the U.S. and Canada signed a free trade agreement, and the Canadian government reached an agreement with the Inuit that ultimately resulted in formation of the Territory of Nunavut.
Lester Bowles PearsonLester Bowles Pearson
had a diplomatic career that included helping to establish NATO, helping to end the Korean War, and being the only Canadian ever to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. As Prime Minister, he did much to try and solve the crisis caused by Quebec's desire for separate recognition from the national government. He was also responsible for Canada's now famous Maple Leaf Flag.

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