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|Prince Edward Island Facts and Figures
Nearest Neighbors New Brunswick, Nova Scotia
Area 2,184 sq mi
Population (2014 estimate)
agriculture, tourism, fishing
First Explored By Jacques
Cartier, in 1534
Origin of Name named in 1798 in honor of Prince Edward, father of Queen Victoria
Flag The three oak saplings represent the three counties of Prince Edward Island. The large oak tree represents England and Canada. The trees rise from a single base, representing that both Prince Edward and Great Britain are islands. A golden British line stretches across the top.
Coat of Arms Adopted in 1905. The shield bears the lion, trees, and island of the provincial flag. The crest combines the blue jay and the red oak leaf, two provincial emblems, with the Royal Crown, all placed on the gold helmet of sovereignty signifying Prince Edward Island's co-sovereign status in Confederation. The supporters are two silver foxes, local animals that indicate the importance of fur farming in the 19th and early 20th century economy of the province. Around their necks are a garland of potato blossoms and a length of fishing net, representing the agricultural and fishing industries. The compartment on which they stand includes the rose, lily, shamrock, and thistle emblems of England, France, Ireland, and Scotland, respectively, along with two lady slipper flowers, the provincial floral emblem. At the center is an eight-pointed star, a symbol used for centuries by the Mi'kmaq people to represent the sun.
Motto "Parva sub ingenti" ("The small uner the large")
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This page was last updated on 06/28/2017.