is a variety of cabbage with thick clusters of
flower buds that form edible "heads."
It is rich in vitamins A and C.
is a variety of cabbage that sends up a tall,
thick stalk along which the edible sprouts grow
closely together. It is a good source of vitamins
A, B, and C, as well as dietary fiber.
is a common vegetable native to England and
northwestern France. More than 150 varieties of
cultivated plants have been developed from what
was once a useless wild plant, including Brussels
sprouts, cauliflower, and broccoli.
is a variety of cabbage grown for its thickened,
profuse, undeveloped flowers and flower stalks.
It provides large amounts of vitamin C and
sulfur, and smaller amounts of vitamin A and
is an annual herb in the parsley and carrot
family. Coriander seeds are used in curries and
sauces, as well as a flavoring in pickles,
sausages, and liqueurs. Coriander leaves (also
known as cilantro) are used in a variety of
Asian, Indian, and Latin American dishes.
are green plants that do not have any wood in
their stems. Although they have little food
value, they make food tasty and more flavorful.
Some herbs give scents to perfumes, and some are
used for medicines.
have been cultivated for their nutritious seeds
since ancient times. They are so named because
they resemble optical lenses in shape. Very rich
in protein and carbohydrates, they are usually
used in casseroles, salads, and soups.
The onion is an edible bulb
produced by a biennial plant with the scientific
name Alium cepa. The word onion
is from the Latin word unio, meaning
"single" or "one"; the name
refers to the fact that the onion plant, unlike
other plants of the same genus, only produces one
is a perennial herb in the mint family that is
used for the flavor of its leaves. It is one of
the few herbs that is stronger when dried than
when fresh. Its flowers are also edible.
is an herb that is used as a garnish, a
flavoring, and an ingredient in condiments.
Cultivated for more than 2,000 years, it was
being used in herbal medicine long before finding
its way into food, and it is still considered a
very healthy food.
are members of the cucumber and squash family.
Grown on every continent except Australia and in
all fifty of the United States, they are believed
to have originated in Central America, with seeds
from related plants found in Mexico dating back
over 7000 years.
is an evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean
region. It has been known since ancient times to
have medicinal value, with rosemary tea being
used to calm stomachs and nerves, relieve
headaches, and as a cure for colic.
One of the oldest vegetables known
to man, the sweet potato is native to Central and
South America, where it has been consumed for at
least 10,000 years and cultivated for at least
5,000 years. Despite its name, the sweet potato
is only very distantly related to the common
are the leading crop among those canned in the
United States. Botanically the tomato is a fruit,
since it is the ripened ovary of a plant, but the
U.S. Supreme Court ruled that it is a vegetable.
are a special variety of edible mushrooms that
grow underground among the roots of various
trees. Because it is not economically feasible to
grow truffles commercially, they must be gathered
in the wild, by hand, and at just the right time.