it is a variant of cabbage,
cauliflower is grown for its thickened, profuse,
undeveloped flowers and flower stalks instead of
its leaves. The word "cauliflower"
comes from the Latin terms caulis
(cabbage) and floris (flower).
Cauliflower may be cooked,
pickled, or eaten raw. It provides large amounts
of vitamin C and sulfur, and smaller amounts of
vitamin A and phosphorus.
Cauliflower grows best in cool,
moist weather such as that found in some of the
Pacific Coast states. It is also grown in
Southern states during the late fall and the
winter. Leading producer states include
California, Colorado, Florida, Michigan, Oregon,
The plants are usually grown
from seed in a hotbed or greenhouse. Then, they
are transplanted to the field. Most growers tie
the large leaves around the head while it is
growing to keep the flowers white.
The oldest record of
cauliflower dates back to the 6th century B.C.,
Pliny wrote about it in the 2nd century A.D., and
by the 12th century at least three varieties were
being grown in Spain.
family Cruciferae (mustards)
genus & species Brassica oleracea
Questions or comments about