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fieldField Crops

fEld, a piece of cleared land, especially one suitable for tillage or pasture


CONTENTS

BarleyBarley
is the fourth most important grain crop in the world. In the United States it is used primarily as animal feed, but in the rest of the world it is an important food crop. It may well be the most ancient of cultivated plants.
CinnamonCinnamon
is a spice known for its pleasant, sweet taste and odor. It comes from the inner bark of branches of the cinnamon tree, which is native to the tropical regions of Madagascar, Sri Lanka, and southwestern India.
CoffeeCoffee
is the drink made from the roasted and ground beans of the coffee tree. Before its use as a beverage 700 years ago, coffee was a food, then a wine, and then a medicine.
CornCorn
is the most valuable crop grown in the United States, and one of the four most important crops in the world. In addition to its importance as a food crop, corn is also used in the manufacture of inedible products, including paper, adhesives, cosmetics, soaps, plastics, and ethanol.
CottonCotton
is a natural vegetable fiber of great economic importance as a raw material for cloth and other products. In fact, cotton can be made into more kinds of products -- from diapers to explosives -- than any other fiber.
GrassesGrasses
make up one of the largest and most varied families in the plant kingdom. They range from the short kinds found in lawns to woody, tall bamboos from which some furniture is made. All grain crops (corn, oats, wheat, etc.) are types of grasses.
LicoriceLicorice
is a perennial herb in the same family as peas and beans. Licorice roots contain a chemical called glycyrrhizin that is 30-50 times sweeter than sucrose, and it is for this chemical that the plant is grown commercially. Licorice root extract is used as a flavoring in a variety of foods and drinks, including candies.
MustardMustard
is the name of a group of leafy, annual plants that is closely related to cabbage. The word "mustard" is a combination of the Latin words mustum ardens ("burning must"), which refers to the spicy heat generated by crushing mustard seeds.
NutmegNutmeg
is a spice obtained by grinding up the seed kernel of a tropical evergreen tree. Native to the Moluccas (Spice) Islands, where its cultivation was once tightly controlled, the tree has been successfully introduced throught the East Indies, the West Indies, Brazil, India, and Sri Lanka.
WheatWheat
is the world's most important grain crop, and covers more of the earth's surface than any other food crop. Although the American Midwest is known as the "bread basket of the world" because of the amount of wheat grown there, wheat is not native to the United States.

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