These cattle mature and fatten
early. Their fat tends to marble (mix with lean
meat), a desirable quality in beef. Many cattle
raisers consider the Angus the typical beef
milk production ranks between brown swiss and
Most of these cattle are light
gray or nearly black, although a few are red. It
is characterized by a fleshy hump over its
This breed is larger than most
dairy cattle. Milk production ranks second only
to that of Holsteins. The milk is pure white, and
is rich in nonfat solids, minerals, and lactose.
Commercial cattle producers seek Charolais for
crossbreeding because of their great size, their
heavy muscular system, and the rapid growth of
This breed is noted for its milk,
which contains 3.5 to 5.5 per cent butter fat,
and for cows capable of producing milk well into
their teen years. Considered a very rare breed,
there are fewer than 2,000 head worldwide.
This breed produces a little more milk than
Jerseys, but the rich milk of the Guernsey ranks
second to that of the top-ranking Jersey in
This breed is especially popular as veal.
cows produce more milk than any other breeds. It
is the breed of cow featured in the
"California Cheese" TV commercials.
cows produce less milk than the
four other major breeds, but their milk contains
the most butterfat. A thick mass of cream rises
to the top of a container of Jersey milk.
In the 1920's and 1930's, the King
Ranch at Kingsville, Texas, crossed Shorthorns
and Brahmans to develop the Santa Gertrudis.
The only American cattle breed to
develop its characteristics without the benefit
of human intervention, the Texas Longhorn arose
from ancestors that were the first cattle to
arrive in America.