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Food and Agriculture Organization

(FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that works to improve the production, distribution, and use of food and other products of farms, forests, and fisheries throughout the world.

The FAO helps developing nations make better use of their agricultural resources and improve their methods of food production, works for better management of forest and water resources, and sets up programs to provide information about nutrition. It also supports research on agricultural, fishery, and forestry problems and recommends solutions. It has 191 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union. Its headquarters are in Rome.

In May-June 1905, an international conference was held in Rome, Italy, which lead to the creation of the International Institute of Agriculture. In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt called a United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture. Representatives from 44 governments gathered at The Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, Virginia from May 18 to June 3, and committed themselves to founding a permanent organization for food and agriculture, which happened in Quebec City, Canada on October 16, 1945. The First Session of the FAO Conference was in Quebec from October 16 to November 1, 1945.

For more information on the FAO see its official website,

Franklin D. Roosevelt

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This page was last updated on 10/16/2017.